The Hopi and Their Jewelry

Hopi Silver Overlay Jewelry

The jewelry of the Hopi has a style distinct from that of the other Native Americans. The Hopi are known for the use of silver overlay, which utilizes a technique of fusing two layers of silver. The eye-catching and often elaborate design is on the top layer, while the bottom layers serves as a base.

It was not so long ago that the Hopi developed this technique. In fact the Hopi were not much into the making of silver. In their relative isolation on the northeastern Arizona high plains, or mesas, they were somewhat firewalled (so to speak) against external influences. Even their interaction with other Native Americans was limited.

Silversmithing of Native Americans

So while the Navajo learned and developed their silversmithing skills, a technique brought to the south-west of the American continent by the Spaniards, and which was then taken up by the Zuni, the Hopi were still practicing their own artistic heritage based on weaving and pottery. They were also adept at the making of kachina dolls, for which they deservedly remain renowned.

Time, of course, would not stand still, and even reliably isolated communities began to open up. Trading and commerce grew and the Hopi through their interaction with the Zuni exposed them to the craft of silver jewelry, at which the Zuni were now skilled. Lanyade, a Zuni, learned his silversmithing from the Navajo, and began to sell his silver jewelry. He travelled among the Hopi and Sikyatala became his student in 1898.

Sikyatala

Sikyatala is credited to be the first Hopi silversmith. It is reported that while Lanyade was at the Hopi reservation for four months, making and selling his silver jewelry pieces, Sikyatala was studiously observing and learning from the master at close range.

Sikyatala then began to use the technique of making silver jewelry. Other Hopi also began to follow and emulate the work of Sikyatala. In time the Hopi developed their own style, that of using overlay silver.

Hopi Silversmiths Paul Saufie and Fred Kabote

This technique did not so much evolve as was created by the Hopi silversmiths Paul Saufkie and Fred Kabote who were involved in a program at the Museum of Northern Arizona in 1938. After World War II the Hopi Guild was formed to encourage a program of silversmith training .

The designs of the silver overlay jewelry of the Hopi were also unique in that they adapted designs from the old broken pottery pieces of the 15th and 16th centuries. New motifs were also incorporated by the Hopi Guild, including kachina symbols.

The cross-currents in Native American jewelry nowdays mean that there are cross-influences as well. And different styles from the different currents may well find themselves evident in any piece of modern American Native jewelry.

But the fascinating development of Native American silversmiths and their crafts, in their different streams of artistic design, does not entirely obscure the original creativity. The silver overlay technique was the creation of the Hopi, even if it may now be employed by others.

Michael Kabotie

In ending, it may be noted that the work of Fred Kabote was continued by his son Michael Kabote (also spelled 'Kabotie'). Michael Kabotie recently passed away at the age of 67. He was a trail-blazer in the Native American fine arts movement, both as a Hopi artist and jeweler. His paintings were well-received, depicting traditional Hopi life. For a number of years, he also tapped the Hopi overlay technique at the Idyllwild Arts program in Southern California.

Search Engine Optimization Technique of Choice

Search Engine Optimization is the technique of ranking a web page or site high in the free search engines listings.

The Search Engine Optimization effort evolves optimizing the various tags in the html such as the title tag, headers, alt tags, anchor text, keywords and more.

There are onsite and offsite Search Engine Optimization that both play a big part in your SEO endeavor.

Onsite returns to the tags describe above as well as the content, navigation, and many other factors.

Offsite returns to links from other sites pointing to yours. For some search engines this can also include how many visitors you receive, how they click on various links and more.

You can tune up your website by using keyword research, key phrase placement in your Meta tags and content, and the application of special formatting such as headers, bold and bullets.

Beside online optimization, you also want to do offline optimization. This will include regular practices such as submitting to directories, writing press releases, submitting articles, and getting other links pointing back to your site.

White Hat SEO is optimizing your web pages in an ethical way so that they rank better in the search engines.

Black Hat SEO is using tricky and unethical practices to try and get higher rankings.

The search engine understandably does not like Black Hat techniques. Be sure to only use the white hat techniques.

Some people strongly think that Pay-per-click may lead to a quicker conversion rate and earn them money more quickly. There is a place for paid advertising, but you are missing out on a potential broad audience who trusts a site more that is perceived as relevant but does not have to pay for promoting. Search Engine Optimization is vital for your website. You can save a lot of capital by not having to rely entirely on paid advertising, and you ever reach a wider audience.

If you are considering entering the world of Internet Marketing and making money online, you want to understand how Search Engine Optimization works, otherwise you will not know how to make your site seen by your target audience. Even if you end up outsourcing all or part of your SEO activities, a working knowledge of SEO will help you decide if the company or individuals you are working with is reputable.

Some people believe that SEO is difficult and being ranked well by search engines is near impossible. That's not true. Anyone can vastly improve their position in search engines. It's not very difficult. You just have to know what to do and apply it. To make a search engine positioning campaign worthwhile, however, you must have the right information The dynamic nature of the Internet means that various types of listings are displayed in search engines result pages, which mainly include pay per click advertisements, paid inclusion listings and organic search results. SEO focus on advancing the goals of a website by improving the number and position of its organic search results for a wide variety of relevant keywords.

How to Reduce Your Weight in a Week

Here’s how to reduce your weight in a week… or possibly less. I’m going to share with you a few less popular secets… things you may have heard about but really didn’t understand how they relate to weight loss. If you’re interested in perhaps learning something new about reducing fat, then read this now.

How to Reduce your Weight in a Week

1. Consider using Extra Virgin Coconut Oil

This is definitely not your typical weight loss product. It isn’t even categoried as a weight loss product. BUT IT IS. In fact, if I was forced to choose any weight loss “supplement” to take for 2 weeks in order to lose a lot of weight fast, I’d be taking this stuff.

Natural coconut oil is a healthy fat. It’s good for you… so don’t freak out about it being a fat. Don’t worry about that. The bad fats come from things in packages… manmade things. Coconuts are from nature.

Anyway, you’ll want the coconut oil that has “extra virgin” or “cold pressed” on the label… this is for purity and processing reasons. Once you get it, you simply need to take 1 tablespoon twice a day between meals on an empty stomach.

It’s common for women… and men, to lose 5 or more pounds in less than 2 weeks. The cost is about $12… so it’s not a big risk for you to take.

2. Organic apple cider vinegar

This thing is NASTY. But, people who are serious about losing weight will overlook that. I do. I love the stuff because it helps me to maintain my weight and lose weight whenever I need to drop a couple pounds, but I also hate it because it just tastes awful. A way around this is to just douse it on a salad or your foods this way it blends in and you won’t taste it as much. I however take it straight. I take a gulp of it before meals to help break down the fats and carbs in those foods.

It OBLITERATES them. When using organic apple cider vinegar, your food gets digested much faster and more efficient. This obviously helps with weight loss.

I recommend taking about a tablespoon before 2 meals… everyday.

These are 2 very good tips on how to reduce your weight in a week… so USE THEM.

Tips to Decorate a Perfect Red Carpet Wedding

Undoubtly, the matrimony ceremony is the most cherished event in every man and woman's life. This is what we all dream of, since the time we take a dive into the world of adulthood.

Yes, wedding vows between the bride and the groom are the cornerstone of the wedding eve, but there is another aspect which is also of paramount importance, and this is the smiling faces of the witnesses of your special day.

Hosting a wedding celebration is a baffling ask as one has to take care of a number of things. Starting with the crispy, juicy snacks served, the main course the music played in the background, but of all decoration at the party venue which makes a difference between any other celebration and something memorable.

Here, in this post, we dug deep into several ways to decorate a perfect red carpet wedding:

The Entrance

The decor of the entrance should be such it brings in happy and positive vibes. When decorating the entrance to the venue, think in terms of color palette, and not the individual or a combination of one or two colors. The event drapery at the entrance should invite, pick one who design matches seamlessly with the entire party decor.

The Center Stage

For setting up the stage at the wedding venue, you have to mull over several things. Firstly of all, the lighting should illuminate the bride and groom. The backdrop for the stage has to be elegantly dressed with an event backdrop. Buy something, which does not seem like an addition, but an extension of the party decor. Use the same style of fabric for lines, chair covers, and sashes, to make the center stage a topic of positive conversation amongst your invitees.

The Tables

When it comes to tables, do not stick to a rule of thumb, have different tables, the square, the rectangular or the round. But, most important, are the covers for chairs, make sure they appeal in style and design.

The Cake

The cake is another center of attraction, so display it nicely in the center. Go for different colors and textures for the cake. You can also decorate your cake or its surrounding with fresh flowers.

At the end of it all, these tips will help you to dress up an unforgettable wedding party venue. Keep in mind, today, the Internet is the best place to shop for event backdrop, event drapery, linens, and chair covers.